The 7 Villages Initiative

Learn about the Hmong, Khmu and Tai-Lao ethnic groups


A pioneer project of Fair Trek, the 7 Villages Initiative is a perfect introduction to the vibrant ethnic diversity that makes Laos so unique. On this trekking tour, you’ll have local encounters with villagers and learn about their culture and social environment.


About the villages


Across the Nam Khan river just outside of Luang Prabang are several neighboring villages that make up the 7 Villages Initiative. Tai-Lao, Khmu and Hmong people live in these communities and are distinct in their own way. The cultural and ethnic identities of each community can be seen in the structure of their homes, the dress worn by residents and the language(s) spoken throughout the village. In Laos, different ethnic groups often live in the same village and some of the 7 villages are marked by this diversity.


Community-based tourism in action


Our first community-based tourism program, the 7 Villages Initiative supports local residents eager to be tourism managers in their own communities. These village representatives oversee different community-based tourism activities such as homestays.  

Fair Trek also helps villages directly benefit from tourism through a Fair Trek Fund, a collaborative project between villagers, partner tour operators and the Luang Prabang Provincial Tourism Department. 

The Fair Trek Fund is distributed among the villages to help them fulfill their own community needs, including the management of tourism activities in their villages.



The Fund has helped local communities build much-needed village infrastructure including new toilets, and funded English language training in their villages to improve job prospects. The 7 villages also put the Fair Trek Fund towards maintaining the trekking path that leads to their communities.

Your experience


For a truly experiential and memorable experience, get to know the villagers and the natural environment during your tripHere are a few tips to learn the most about the people and places you’ll visit:

  • Ask your tour guide to tell you more about the biodiversity you come across on the trekking path.
  • If you stay overnight in a homestay, ask your host if you can help cook a traditional meal.
  • Learn how to say a few words in Hmong, Khmu and Lao before you arrive at the villages – you’ll surely impress the locals!

View a sample itinerary

The Khmu



The Khmu – also commonly written as Khamu or Kammu – are thought to be the original inhabitants of Laos, having migrated from Indonesia hundreds of centuries ago. Today, the Khmu represent the largest ethnic minority group in Laos with over 600,000 people residing predominantly in the north.

The practice of totemic ancestry (smta) differentiates the Khmu from other ethnic groups in Laos. Named after plants or animals, these totem symbols distinguish patrilineal family lines, which dictate social structure and family life.


Spiritual beliefs

The Khmu believe in animism, the idea that objects and phenomena, such as the home and nature, have spirits. There are two kinds of spirits according to the Khmu: those that reside in the village and those that reside in nature. Much of life’s occurrences are believed to be the work of spirits – good health means spirits are watching over you; illness means spirits are working against you. To maintain the balance between the human and spiritual worlds, the Khmu perform rituals, or trnual

Even the cultivation of rice, an important staple in Khmu culture, depends on spirits. The process of harvesting rice is steered by rituals and ceremonies to rice spirits. For example, at the start of the harvest season, the blood of a sacrificed chicken is poured over rice seeds and a ‘prayer’ is said to the spirits to bring a bountiful crop.



The Khmu language is a member of the Mon-Khmer language family. Like the Akha, the Khmu do not have an official written language. Consequently, the history of this culturally and politically significant indigenous group has not been well documented.

However, the absence of a written language has resulted in a folklore weaved by a rich oral language. The Khmu are well known for their tales and stories, which tell the compelling – and sometimes melancholy – history of their rise and fall as Laos’ founding fathers.

But these folktales are not only vibrant interpretations of their place in history. They reflect their hopes and aspirations for themselves and their people as well. Khmu folktales truly are an expression of their collective human experience.

Learn about the origin of the Khmu people in this celebrated tale:

Om peek om ngeen, the story of the Khmu people

There was once a flood that covered the earth. A brother and sister were the only survivors and married to carry on their progeny.

After being pregnant for three years, the wife finally gave birth to a big, red pumpkin. When they poked a hole into it using a glowing iron stick, the Khmu came out first. Then they took an iron boring-knife and bored a second hole for the Lao, the Vietnamese, the Chinese, and all the other peoples to come out. Because the Khmu came of that burned, black hole first, to this day they have a darker skin and are considered the older brothers to the other people.

Contact us


Your Name*

Your Email*

Your Message*

Back to Programs

Your browser is out of date. It has security vulnerabilities and may not display all features on this site and other sites.

Please update your browser using one of modern browsers (Google Chrome, Opera, Firefox, IE 10).